Fire protection in residential properties: important measures and responsibilities

Welcome to the blog of Hochheiden Hausverwaltung, your professional partner for real estate management in Berlin. Fire protection is a key issue in residential property management, affecting both the safety of residents and the protection of property. An effective fire protection concept is crucial to minimize risks and save lives in an emergency. In this article we would like to give you an overview of important fire safety measures and the responsibilities of owners, managers and tenants.

Basics of fire protection

Fire protection includes all preventive and reactive measures aimed at preventing fires, limiting the spread of fire and smoke and enabling the rescue of people and effective firefighting. This includes structural, technical and organizational measures.

Structural fire protection

Structural measures are a fundamental part of fire protection. They include the use of non-combustible building materials, the establishment of fire compartments through fire doors and walls and the securing of escape routes and emergency exits. Regular maintenance of these components is crucial for their functionality.

Technical fire protection

Technical fire protection includes devices such as fire alarm systems, smoke detectors, sprinkler systems and fire extinguishers. These systems must be regularly checked and maintained to ensure their operational readiness.

Organizational fire protection

Organizational measures include the creation and updating of fire protection regulations, the implementation of fire protection training and exercises and the appointment of fire protection officers. Clear communication of escape and rescue plans is also important.


  • Owners and managers: They have primary responsibility for compliance with fire safety regulations. This includes the implementation of the necessary structural and technical measures as well as the organization of organizational fire protection.

  • Tenants: Tenants also have important obligations when it comes to fire protection. This includes compliance with fire safety regulations, avoiding fire hazards caused by improper handling of flammable materials and devices, and regularly checking and reporting defective fire protection systems.

Important tips for fire protection

  1. Install smoke alarms: In most federal states there is a requirement to install smoke alarms. These should be installed in bedrooms, children's rooms and hallways.

  2. Regular maintenance: Fire protection systems must be regularly maintained and checked for functionality.

  3. Education and training: All residents should be informed about rules of conduct in the event of a fire and receive regular training.

  4. Keeping escape routes clear: Escape routes and emergency exits must always be clear and accessible.


A comprehensive fire protection concept is essential for security in residential properties. Owners, managers and tenants must work together to ensure a high level of fire safety. Hochheiden property management is aware of the importance of fire protection and is happy to provide you with advice on how to make your property safer.

Do you have questions about fire protection in your property or do you need support in implementing fire protection measures? Contact us – we will be happy to help you create a safe living environment for all residents.